Sudan, a country located in northeastern Africa, has been struggling with political instability for years. The recent conflict between military rivals has further exacerbated the situation, leading to a rise in violence and a loss of life. In this article, we will take a closer look at the conflict and its underlying causes.
To understand the current conflict in Sudan, it is essential to have some background knowledge of the country’s political history. Sudan has been embroiled in a long-standing civil war, which ended in 2005 after a peace agreement was signed between the Sudanese government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M). However, this peace agreement did not solve all the country’s problems, and the political situation in Sudan remained fragile.
The Recent Conflict
The recent conflict in Sudan is a result of a power struggle between military rivals. The Sudanese military has been in control of the country since 2019, following the ousting of former President Omar al-Bashir. However, tensions have been brewing between the military and civilian politicians, who feel that the military has too much power.
The conflict began on April 15, 2023, when military forces loyal to General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, the head of Sudan’s sovereign council, clashed with soldiers loyal to General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, the deputy head of the council. The clashes took place in the capital, Khartoum, and quickly escalated, leading to the death of at least 25 people.
Causes of the Conflict
The conflict in Sudan has deep roots, and several factors have contributed to its escalation. Firstly, there is a power struggle between the military and civilian politicians, with both sides vying for control. The military has been accused of exerting too much power, while the civilians feel that they are not being given enough say in the country’s affairs.
Secondly, there are ethnic and tribal tensions in Sudan, which have been exacerbated by the conflict. General Dagalo comes from the Janjaweed tribe, which has been accused of committing atrocities during the Darfur conflict. His rival, General al-Burhan, is from a different tribe, which has led to tensions between the two factions.
The conflict in Sudan has drawn international attention, with several countries and organizations expressing concern about the situation. The United Nations has condemned the violence and called for an immediate end to the conflict. The African Union has also expressed its concern and called for an urgent meeting of the Peace and Security Council.
In conclusion, the recent conflict in Sudan is a result of a power struggle between military rivals, which has been exacerbated by ethnic and tribal tensions. The situation in Sudan is fragile, and there is a real risk of further escalation. It is essential for all sides to come together and find a peaceful solution to the conflict.
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